Tuesday, January 24, 2017

Forum Komunitas Pertanian Indonesia Agroteknologi

Forum dan Komunitas Pertanian Indonesia – Agroteknologiwebid Mahiai a hoomaka ae kū kaʻawale i wahi likeʻole o ka poepoe honua, a ua komo pū i nā huahelu o ka taxa. Ma ka liʻiliʻi loa 11 hookaawale wahi o ka Old, a me New World ua pae'āina e like me kuokoa ioauoa o ke kumu. ua ohi hana mānoanoa, a ai mai he 105.000 makahiki aku nei. Puaʻa ua domesticated ma Mesopotamia a puni 15,000 makahiki aku nei. Rice, ua domesticated ma Kina ma waena o 13.500, a me 8.200 makahiki aku nei, ua hahai ma mung, soy a me azuki mohihi. Hipa, ua domesticated ma Mesopotamia ma waena o 13.000, a me 11.000 makahiki aku nei. Mai a puni 11.500 makahiki i hala, i ka ewalu Neolithic mea hoʻoheheʻe kālā hua, emmer a me ka einkorn huapalaoa, kaulua bale, peas, papapa, awaawa vetch, chick peas, a me ke olonā i mahi i loko o ka Levant. Holoholona, ​​ua domesticated mai na aurochs ulu i loko o nā wahi o kēia Tureke, a me Pakistan kekahi 10.500 makahiki i hala. Ma ka Andes o South America, ua domesticated kaʻuala ma waena o 10,000 a me 7,000 makahiki i hala, a me ka papapa maka, coca, llamas, alpacas, a me Guinea puaʻa. Kō a me kekahi mau aaʻai ua domesticated ma New Guinea puni 9,000 makahiki i hala. Sorghum ua domesticated i loko o ka Sahel aeiia o Aferika e 7,000 makahiki i hala. Pulupulu, ua domesticated ma Peru, ma 5.600 makahiki i hala, a ua kū kaʻawale domesticated ma Eurasia i ka ike manawa. In Mesoamerica, hihiu teosinte ua domesticated e maize i ka 6,000 makahiki i hala.

Ma ka Middle Ages, ma ka Islamic ao nei, a maʻEulopa, ua hoopahaohao mahiai me ka iaono? Ienoai 'ana i kūpono a me ka diffusion o kekahi mea kanu mea kanu, e like me ka hoike o na laau kō, raiki, pulupulu a me ka hua e like me ka alani i Europa ma ke ala o Al- Andalus. Ma hope o 1492, ka Columbian wehe aʻe i lawe mai New World ulu e like me ka maize, uala, uala a me manioc i Europa, a Old World ulu e like me ka palaoa a me ka bale, laiki a me na turnips, a me na holoholona e like me na lio, bipi, hipa, a me nā kao i ko 'Amelika . Nenoaio i?, Iʻohiʻia kuapo, a me na fertilizers ua hoʻolauna koke mahope iho o ka NeolithicʻOiʻenehana, a ulu nui hou i loko o ka 200 makahiki i hala, e hoʻomaka ana me ka Pelekania MahiaiʻOiʻenehana. Mai ka 1900, mahiai i loko o nā lāhui kanaka ulu, a me ka mea uuku loa iloko o ka ulu ao nei, ua ike nui pii ma ka productivity e like me ke kanaka ka hana i UAIAaIN mechanization, a ua kōkuaʻia kemikala fertilizers, pesticides, a me selective? Aneii. Ka Haber-Bosch iaoia ae ia ka hoʻololi kemikala o ka ammonium nitrate fertilizer ma ka hanalima pālākiō, mahuahua loa iʻohiʻia e haawi i ko. Hoikehonua, mahiai, ua hoala kālai'āina nīnūnē e like me ka wai haumia ea, meaola, genetically mau ala meaola, McKinley a me ka mahiʻai subsidies, e alakai ana i kekahi papa hana hoʻokokoke mai e like me ka ke aloha neʻeʻana. Forum dan Komunitas Pertanian Indonesia – Agroteknologiwebid

Ka noho,ʻo ia ka huina hoonui o ka Mahiai NeolithicʻOiʻenehana; e like me H. G. Wells kau aku la ia, noho maikai ana o ka mahiʻai surplus. Ma ke ala o ka moʻolelo, ka noho coincided ma ka makahiki me ka momona wahi e like me ka momona Crescent, a me Huipuia i hanaʻano nui i loko o circumscribed mahiʻai aina. Ka Nui Wall o Kina, a me ka Roma aupuni a pau o ka puna (kihi) demarcated ka'ākau mau kihi o ka cereal mahiai. Keia cereal kāʻei hanai ai i na maikai ana i hanaʻia i loko o ka Axial Age, a pili ma ka silika Alanui.

Makamua koʻAigupita, nona ka mahiai i kaukaʻi wale nō ma luna o ka muliwai, deified ka muliwai, hoomana aku la ia, a hookiekie ae la ia ia iloko o ka Himeni nui. Ka Chinese imperial Aha hoopukaia lehulehu edicts, e hai mai ana, ka Mahiai, oia ke kumu o keia aupuni. Aigupita, Mesopotamian, Pake, a me Inca i Emperor iho mahi pāpāiʻawa mahinaʻai i ka mea e hōʻike 'ka laʻana i pau.
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